Every word in the Holy Scriptures is significant! When we
look up the words in a Hebrew and Greek concordance, a whole new
world, like Heaven, opens up. Our Savior said to search the
Scriptures, for they tell of Him. That is the secret!
Let us look at east.
- The east is the front or forefront, like the tribes ‟ … of Judah, Zebulon, and Issachar front order in
the desert, camping on the east toward the sunrise (Numbers 2) “.
- East in Hebrew is qedem, qadam, or qadim, the forepart, aforetime, also eternal:
Psalm 78:26, “He stirred up the east wind in Heaven”.
- The root qadam is to project, precede, anticipate, hasten, and
- We may meet or anticipate The Prince in Ezekiel‟s temple
(chapter 46), who alone will enter and leave by the east gate.
- Again, in the next chapter, Ezekiel sees water flowing eastward from the house facing east. The gate will be shut and only The
Prince, who is to sit there to eat his meal, will enter on Shabbat and Rosh Chodesh (1st of the month).
- At the gate facing east, is where Ezekiel sees the glory of the El of Israel approaching from the east. (43:1)
- Also, when YHWH returns, in Zechariah 14: 4, His feet will stand on Mt. of Olives, which lies to the east of Jerusalem.
South is on the other hand of east:
- yamiyn , from yaman, to be right handed or locally south (right of East) or teman, the
south, a being on the right hand of a person facing the East.
- Blessings and agreements were always done with the right hand. YHWH did not allow David to be “handed” over to King Saul, and
in 1 Samuel 23:v.19, we see David hiding south of Yeshimon, after entering covenant with Jonathan, Saul’s son.
- Also, in covenant, the tribes camping on the south, to set out second, were Reuben, Simeon, and Gad.
- In the tabernacle, the 7-Lamp or Menorah, symbolic of Messiah, is put opposite the table on the side of the tabernacle toward the south.
- YHWH made the Great Bear, Orion, the Pleiades, and the hidden constellations of the south. (Job 9:9) We see this covenant use
of south also in Job 39:26, Psalm 78:26, Song 4:16, Ezekiel 20:6, Zechariah 6:6 and 9:14.
- Negeb, as in the desert or southern district Judah or Egypt means to be parched, and is the dry south used in
Genesis to Zechariah.
- Interesting to note the switch from negeb to darom in Ezekiel 40:24, where Ezekiel is led south
to a gate that faced south, and was led through that gate.
- Through Ezekiel 42:18, darom is the south or southwind. Then south switches back to negeb the dry/desert to Obadiah 20.
- YHWH is the Judge, lifts up one, puts down another.
- In Psalm 75:5-8, the boastful are told they will not be raised to power by those in the east, the west, or the desert.
The word for desert or south is midbar, meaning pasture or open field, where cattle are driven, or wilderness. We are the sheep of His Pasture!
- Note the north is omitted here.
YHWH has and will gather those He redeems from the power of the foe, from the east, the west, the north and from the sea.
We wander in the desert, and in our trouble we cry to YHVH, and He
rescues us from our distress. (Psalm 107:2-6)
- The sea is the word Yam, to roar, the noisy surf of the sea, the Mediterranean, or large river, a basin, or the west or south.
- Upon Messiah’s return it is said the sea will come from west, to the east, to split Mt. Olives, and half the mount will move south. We will
flee to the valley, and then YHVH Elohim will come to us with all the holy ones. (Zechariah 14:5)
- Sea is symbolic of the mikveh cleansing of immersion or washing for spiritual purity.
- Yeshua spoke about how the Queen of the south, Queen of Sheba, will rise up in the Last Day, and came from the utter-
most parts of the earth, to hear the wisdom of Solomon.
- Notos is the Greek for south, and implies south or southwest wind, or southern quarter.
- Southwest winds also bring the rain, symbolic of the Holy Spirit, and cleansing of our sins. We can note this
in Acts 27:12 with the use the word lips, from leibo, to pour a libation, for south. Lips implies the south (-west) wind
bringing rain:”…harbor of Crete facing southwest …” pouring the Holy Spirit, during the travel of Paul.
- Genesis 12:8 makes first mention of west, after YHVH appears to Abram,” and he moved from (where he made the altar)
to a mountain, having Beth-El on the west…and there he called on the Name of YHVH.
- Here, and through to 1Chronicles 9:24, the word for west is yam, again, which means roar of the sea, or the
Mediterranean Sea, which we saw with „south‟. Then in 1Chronicles 12: 15 through to Isaiah 45:6, west changes from
yam to marabah, region of evening sun or shading, perhaps implying darkness or lack of knowledge of YHVH:
“I am YHVH, and there is none else, there is no Elohim beside Me: I dressed you, though you have not known me. That they may know from the rising of the sun, and from the west, that there is none beside Me. I am YHVH and there is none else.”(Isaiah 45:5, 6)
Isaiah 49:12, talking about the return of the remnant, switches back to yam or sea/water/Spirit:” See, these shall come from far: and, see, these from the north and from the west…”
(Now north is mentioned, as we are redeemed from darkness, as we shall later see). YHVH is always into cleansing, as even Yeshua had John immerse Him, for “a new life “ Spirit- filled miracle, signs, wonder Ministry.
Isaiah 59:19 switches back to marabah/sunset: “So shall they fear the Name of YHVH from the west, and His Glory from the rising of the sun.” (The whole earth shall be filled with the
knowledge and Glory of YHWH). All Ezekiel passages 41:12 – 48:34 use yam/sea, at the west sides or west gates of the Temple and Jerusalem, implying the washing of purity. Then in Daniel 8:5,
talking about the he goat coming from the west, uses marabah!
“… (YHVH) shall roar like a Lion: then the children of Yisrael
(Efrayim) shall tremble from the west (yam)” (Hosea 11:10),
spiritually and physically returning, using the sea.
Verse: Leviticus 1:10-11
If his offering is from the flock, whether from the sheep or from the goats, for a burnt offering, he must offer a male without defect. He is to slaughter it on the north side of the altar before YHVH; and the sons of Aaron, the cohenim, are to splash the blood against all sides of the altar.
YHVH calls to Moshe from the Tabernacle or Tent of Meeting to instruct Aaron and sons to kill the sacrifice on the north side of the altar. What is the significance of north?
- North, in Hebrew is tzaphon, hidden or dark derived from tzaphan, to hide by covering over, to protect, reserve. The sacrifice on the dark gloomy side covers and protects us and keeps us to Judgement Day!
- YHVH instructed Moses, in Exodus 26:35, to put the golden table with poles with the Bread of the Presence on the north side, (“in His Presence always”) (v. 29), outside the curtain or
veil, a foreshadow of the body of Yeshua broken for us, and placed on the north side of the city, Golgotha, place of the Skull.
- When King Achaz of Judah made a bronze counterfeit altar because he gifted the gold to King Ashshur, he still had Uriah the priest sacrifice on the north side of the altar. Do you think YHVH was
From the examples above we can see significance to east, south, west, and north in the Holy Scriptures, and learn of Him! Continue to study to be worthy and ready in season and out. Follow the example,
pick a word from a verse, and it may take you on a new adventure!