Yehovah [I AM that I AM or Eh Yeh Eh Yah] loves a humble and contrite heart, the mourner.
! At all times we are to praise His Name and rejoice, in everything give thanks, and pray always!
At the hearing of His Word, we are to repent, turning from our wicked ways, and have faith.
We are to love and trust Him, and through Yeshua HaMoshiach the Messiah, have a relationship with Him.
?How do we do what Yehovah wants: we can say the Kaddish!
” Kaddish (קדיש, Qaddish Aramaic: “holy”; alternate spellings, qaddish, ḳaddish) is a prayer found in the Jewish prayer service. The central theme of the Kaddish is the magnification and sanctification of God‘s name. In the liturgy different versions of the Kaddish are used functionally as separators between sections of the service. The term “Kaddish” is often used to refer specifically to “The Mourners’ Kaddish”, said as part of the mourning rituals in Judaism in all prayer services as well as at funerals and memorials. When mention is made of “saying Kaddish”, this unambiguously denotes the rituals of mourning. Mourners say Kaddish to show that despite the loss they still praise God.
The opening words of this prayer are inspired by Ezekiel 38:23, a vision of God becoming great in the eyes of all the nations. The central line of the Kaddish in Jewish tradition is the congregation’s response: יְהֵא שְׁמֵהּ רַבָּא מְבָרַךְ לְעָלַם וּלְעָלְמֵי עָלְמַיָּא (Yehei shmëh rabba mevarakh lealam ulalmey almaya, “May His great name be blessed for ever, and to all eternity”), a public declaration of God’s greatness and eternality. This response is an Aramaic translation of the Hebrew “ברוך שם כבוד מלכותו לעולם ועד” (Blessed be His name, whose glorious kingdom is forever), which is to be found in the Jerusalem Targum (יְהֵא שְׁמֵיהּ רַבָּא מְבָרֵךְ לְעָלְמֵי עַלְמִין) (Genesis 49:2 and Deuteronomy 6:4), and is similar to the wording of Daniel 2:20.
“The Kaddish is in origin a closing doxology to an Aggadic discourse”. Most of it is written in Aramaic, which, at the time of its original composition, was the lingua franca of the Jewish people. It is not composed in the vernacular Aramaic, however, but rather in a “literary, jargon Aramaic” that was used in the academies, and is identical to the dialect of the Targum.
Kaddish was not originally said by mourners, but rather by the rabbis when they finished giving sermons on Sabbath afternoons and later, when they finished studying a section of midrash or aggadah. This practice developed in Babylonia where most people understood only Aramaic and sermons were given in Aramaic so Kaddish was said in the vernacular. This is why it is currently said in Aramaic. This “Rabbinical Kaddish” (Kaddish d’Rabbanan) is still said after studying midrash or aggadah or after reading them as part of the service. It differs from the regular Kaddish because of its inclusion of a prayer for rabbis, scholars and their disciples. While anyone may say this Kaddish, it has become the custom for mourners to say the Rabbinical Kaddish in addition to the Mourner’s Kaddish.
The oldest version of the Kaddish is found in the Siddur of Rab Amram Gaon, c. 900. Shira Schoenberg observes that “The first mention of mourners saying Kaddish at the end of the service is in a thirteenth century halakhic writing by Isaac Ben Moses of Vienna and called the Or Zarua literally, “Light is Sown”. The Kaddish at the end of the service became designated as Kaddish Yatom or Mourners’ Kaddish (literally, “Orphan’s Kaddish”)”.
The Lord’s Prayer in Christianity has its roots in the Jewish liturgy and it shares themes with Kaddish (“Our Father, who art in heaven, Hallowed be thy Name”).
|May His great name be exalted and sanctifiedb is God’s great name.a||Yitgaddal veyitqaddash shmeh rabba||יִתְגַּדַּל וְיִתְקַדַּשׁ שְׁמֵהּ רַבָּא.|
|2||in the world which He created according to His will!||Beʻalma di vra khir’uteh||בְּעָלְמָא דִּי בְרָא כִרְעוּתֵהּ|
|3||May He establish His kingdom||veyamlikh malkhuteh||וְיַמְלִיךְ מַלְכוּתֵהּ|
|4||and may His salvation blossom and His anointed be near.**
||[veyatzmaḥ purqaneh viqarev (qetz) meshiḥeh]||וְיַצְמַח פֻּרְקָנֵהּ וִיקָרֵב(קיץ) מְשִׁיחֵהּ|
|5||during your lifetime and during your days||beḥayekhon uvyomekhon||בְּחַיֵּיכוֹן וּבְיוֹמֵיכוֹן|
|6||and during the lifetimes of all the House of Israel,||uvḥaye dekhol bet yisrael||וּבְחַיֵּי דְכָל בֵּית יִשְׂרָאֵל|
|7||speedily and very soon! And say, Amen.a||beʻagala uvizman qariv veʼimru amen||בַּעֲגָלָא וּבִזְמַן קָרִיב. וְאִמְרוּ אָמֵן|
|The next two lines are recited by the congregation and then the leader:|
|8||May His great name be blessed||yehe shmeh rabba mevarakh||יְהֵא שְׁמֵהּ רַבָּא מְבָרַךְ|
|9||for ever, and to all eternity!||leʻalam ulʻalme ʻalmaya||לְעָלַם וּלְעָלְמֵי עָלְמַיָּא|
|10||Blessed and praised, glorified and exalted,||Yitbarakh veyishtabbaḥ veyitpaar veyitromam||יִתְבָּרַךְ וְיִשְׁתַּבַּח וְיִתְפָּאַר וְיִתְרוֹמַם|
|11||extolled and honoured, adored and lauded||veyitnasse veyithaddar veyitʻalleh veyithallal||וְיִתְנַשֵּׂא וְיִתְהַדָּר וְיִתְעַלֶּה וְיִתְהַלָּל|
|12||be the name of the Holy One, blessed be He,a||shmeh dequdsha berikh hu.||שְׁמֵהּ דְקֻדְשָׁא בְּרִיךְ הוּא.|
|13||above and beyond all the blessings,||leʻella (lʻella mikkol) min kol birkhata||לְעֵלָּא (לְעֵלָּא מִכָּל) מִן כָּל בִּרְכָתָא|
|14||hymns, praises and consolations||veshirata tushbeḥata veneḥemata||וְשִׁירָתָא תֻּשְׁבְּחָתָא וְנֶחֱמָתָא|
|15||that are uttered in the world! And say, Amen.a||daamiran beʻalma veʼimru amen||דַּאֲמִירָן בְּעָלְמָא. וְאִמְרוּ אָמֵן|
|The half kaddish ends here.|
|Here the “complete kaddish” includes:|
|16||eMay the prayers and supplications||Titqabbal tzelotehon uvaʻutehon||תִּתְקַבל צְלוֹתְהוֹן וּבָעוּתְהוֹן|
|17||of all Israel||d’khol bet yisrael||דְכָל בֵּית יִשְׂרָאֵל|
|18||be accepted by their Father who is in Heaven; And say, Amen.a||qodam avuhon di bishmayya, vʼimru amen||קֳדָם אֲבוּהוֹן דִּי בִשְׁמַיָּא וְאִמְרוּ אָמֵן|
|Here the “kaddish of the rabbis” includes:|
|19||To Israel, to the Rabbis and their disciples||ʻal yisrael veʻal rabbanan veʻal talmidehon||עַל יִשְׂרָאֵל וְעַל רַבָּנָן וְעַל תַּלְמִידֵיהוֹן|
|20||to the disciples of their disciples,||v’ʻal kol talmidey talmidehon||וְעַל כָּל תַּלְמִידֵי תַלְמִידֵיהוֹן.|
|21||and to all those who engage in the study of the Torah||veʻal kol man deʻos’qin b’orayta||וְעַל כָּל מָאן דְּעָסְקִין בְּאוֹרַיְתָא.|
|22||in this [holy]z place or in any other place,||di b’atra [qadisha] haden vedi bekhol atar v’atar||דִּי בְאַתְרָא [קַדִישָא] הָדֵין וְדִי בְּכָל אֲתַר וַאֲתַר.|
|23||may there come abundant peace,||y’he lehon ul’khon sh’lama rabba||יְהֵא לְהוֹן וּלְכוֹן שְׁלָמָא רַבָּא|
|24||grace, lovingkindness and compassion, long life||hinna v’ḥisda v’raḥamey v’ḥayye arikhe||חִנָּא וְחִסְדָּא וְרַחֲמֵי וְחַיֵּי אֲרִיכֵי|
|25||ample sustenance and salvation||um’zone r’viḥe ufurqana||וּמְזוֹנֵי רְוִיחֵי וּפוְּרְקָנָא|
|26||from the Father who is in heaven (and earth);||min qodam avuhon di vishmayya [v’ʼarʻa]e||מִן קֳדָם אֲבוּהוּן דְבִשְׁמַיָּא [וְאַרְעָא]|
|27||and say, Amen.a||v’ʼimru amen||וְאִמְרוּ אָמֵן|
|All variants but the half kaddish conclude:|
|28||fMay there be abundant peace from heaven,||Yehe shelama rabba min shemayya||יְהֵא שְׁלָמָה רַבָּא מִן שְׁמַיָּא,|
|29||[and] [good] life||[ve]hayyim [tovim]||[וְ]חַיִּים [טוֹבִים]|
|30||satisfaction, help, comfort, refuge,||vesava vishuʻa veneḥama veshezava||וְשָֹבָע וִישׁוּעָה וְנֶחָמָה וְשֵׁיזָבָה|
|31||healing, redemption, forgiveness, atonement,||urfuʼa ugʼulla usliha v’khappara||וּרְפוּאָה וּגְאֻלָּה וּסְלִיחָה וְכַפָּרָה,|
|32||relief and salvationd||verevaḥ vehatzala||וְרֵוַח וְהַצָּלָה|
|33||for us and for all his people [upon us and upon all] Israel; and say, Amen.a||lanu ulkhol ʻammo [ʻalainu v’al kol] yisrael v’ʼimru amen||לָנוּ וּלְכָל עַמּוֹ [עׇלֵינוּ וְעַל כׇּל] יִשְֹרָאֵל וְאִמְרוּ אָמֵן.|
|34||fMay He who makes peace in His high places||ʻoseh shalom bimromav||עוֹשֶֹה שָׁלוֹם בִּמְרוֹמָיו,|
|35||grant [in his mercy]g peace upon us||hu [berakhamav] yaʻase shalom ʻalenu||הוּא [בְּרַחֲמָיו] יַעֲשֶֹה שָׁלוֹם עָלֵינוּ,|
|36||and upon all [his nation]h Israel; and say, Amen.a||v’ʻal kol [ammo] yisra’el, v’ʼimru amen||וְעַל כָּל [עַמּוֹ] יִשְֹרָאֵל וְאִמְרוּ אָמֵן.|
Text of the Burial Kaddish
Text of the Burial Kaddish
|37||In the world which will be renewed||B’ʻal’ma d’hu ʻatid l’ithaddata||בְּעָלְמָא דְהוּא עָתִיד לְאִתְחַדָּתָא|
|38||and where He will give life to the dead||ulʼaḥaya metaya||וּלְאַחֲיָאָה מֵתַיָא|
|39||and raise them to eternal life||ulʼassaqa yathon l’ḥayye ʻal’ma||וּלְאַסָּקָא יָתְהוֹן לְחַיֵּי עָלְמָא|
|40||and rebuild the city of Jerusalem||ul’mivne qarta dirush’lem||וּלְמִבְנֵא קַרְתָּא דִירוּשְׁלֵם|
|41||and complete His temple there||uleshakhlala hekhlehh b’gavvah||וּלְשַׁכְלָלָא הֵיכְלֵהּ בְּגַוַּהּ|
|42||and uproot foreign worship from the earth||ulmeʻqar pulḥana nukhraʼa m’arʻa||וּלְמֶעְקַר פֻּלְחָנָא נֻכְרָאָה מְאַרְעָא|
|43||and restore Heavenly worship to its position||v’laʼatava pulḥana dishmayya l’ʼatreh||וּלַאֲתָבָא פֻּלְחָנָא דִשְׁמַיָּא לְאַתְרֵהּ|
|44||and may the Holy One, blessed is He,||v’yamlikh qudsha b’rikh hu||וְיַמְלִיךְ קֻדְשָׁא בְּרִיךְ הוּא|
|45||reign in His sovereign splendour …||b’malkhuteh viqareh||בְּמַלְכוּתֵהּ וִיקָרֵהּ|
|And may His salvation blossom and His anointed be near. **His anointed is very near, Yeshua
||[veyatzmaḥ purqaneh viqarev (qetz) meshiḥeh]||